So you have decided to buy wood flooring for your home remodel or new construction. If you are the average new home owner, you are learning as you go. Each task comes with a whole new set of terms that can seem overwhelming. But have no fear, here is a beginner guide on some of the important terms and key words to know when you want to take on this project.
1. Square footage (sq ft)- this is a very important piece of information that you will need. This will determine how much flooring you will need to purchase. To calculate the area of a room in square feet, measure the length and width of the room in feet, then multiply these figures together to give an area in ft². For example, a room measuring 12 ft x 15 ft would be described as having an area of 180 ft². If you are doing the whole downstairs of a house, you would need to do this for every room and add that total together.
2. Waste Percentage- After you give your sq ft needs to the flooring supplier or flooring installer, they will calculate a waste percentage. The standard industry percentage is 10% but can be as high as 15% depending on the direction the boards will be installed. Herring bone and diagonal installation have require a higher waste percentage. Now you may be wondering why this is necessary since you did such an awesome job calculating your square footage. This waste is for the cuts that will need to be made as the flooring is being installed to go around corners or any awkward spots in the room.
3. Solid Flooring- Just as it sounds, solid flooring means it is one complete piece of wood per flooring board. Traditionally, solid wood flooring comes 3/4 inches thick.
4. Engineered Flooring- This type of flooring is a layer of wood adhered to a plywood backing. Engineered flooring can have a bad rap because some manufacturers will try to give you a very thin layer of wood. A good quality engineered floor will give you a 4 millimeter wear surface. A wear surface of this thickness allows the customer to refinish the floor. Engineered flooring usually comes in a total thickness of 5/8 inches.
5. Subfloor- The subfloor is the foundation for a flooring. A subfloor can be plywood, particle board, or concrete slabs.
6. Nail Down Installation- Nailing or stapling down wood floor is the most common and preferred install method. Many wood floor professionals choose this method if a wood subfloor in form of plywood exists in the house.
7. Glue Down Installation- The glue down installation method involves the use of an adhesive to adhere flooring to its base. This method of installation is common used for engineered flooring and certain solid flooring that is manufactured specifically for this type of installation. Professionals use this type of installation when the subfloor is a concrete slab.
Stay tuned. We will continue our key words in our next blog!